We have a highly skilled team who can provide a wide range of services from diagnosis to treatment.
Pulmonary valve replacement is a procedure that replaces a diseased pulmonary valve.
The pulmonary valve is one of four valves that regulate blood flow in the heart. The valve lies between the lower right heart chamber (right ventricle) and the pulmonary artery.
Pulmonary valve disease is a condition in which the pulmonary valve doesn't work properly. The condition can disrupt blood flow from your heart to your lungs. This may occur on its own or in connection with a congenital heart defect, such as tetralogy of Fallot. Often, the condition may only be detected by a physical evaluation or heart imaging.
Pulmonary valve replacement can restore normal blood flow, reduce symptoms, improve your heart's condition, and prolong life.
Presbyterian Heart and Vascular Care has a skilled interventional cardiology team who can provide a wide range of interventional and structural heart treatments. Their interventional cardiologists are trained in many different techniques and procedures, many of which can provide you with a shorter recovery period and the opportunity to recover at home.
Getting a pulmonary valve replacement depends on many factors, including:
Types of pulmonary valve disease that may require a pulmonary valve replacement include:
You will need to decide what kind of valve you want: mechanical or biological (human, pig or cow). Doctors will discuss with you the risks and benefits of each type of valve and discuss which valve may be appropriate for you. If you have a mechanical valve, you'll need to take blood-thinning medications for the rest of your life to prevent blood clots. If you have a biological valve, it may need to be replaced eventually as they degenerate over time.
Before being admitted to the hospital for your surgery, talk to your caregivers about your hospital stay and discuss any help you may need when you return home.
Talk to your doctor about:
Bring these items:
For most pulmonary valve replacement procedures, you'll receive medications that put you to sleep so you won't feel pain.
Your doctor inserts a catheter in a large blood vessel in the groin or chest and guides it to the heart. A balloon-expandable replacement pulmonary valve that sits at the end of the catheter is into place. The catheter may insert a new pulmonary valve within the existing diseased valve.
During the procedure and your hospital stay, your treatment team will:
After pulmonary valve replacement surgery, you will eventually be able to return to daily activities, such as working, driving, and exercise.
You'll need to take certain medications and attend regular follow-up appointments with your doctor. You may have several tests to evaluate and monitor your condition.
Your doctor may instruct you to make some healthy lifestyle changes. Your doctor may also recommend that you participate in cardiac rehabilitation—a program of education and exercise designed to help you improve your health and help you recover after heart surgery.